The original Murano took the name of Amurianum, one of the gates of Altinum.
In 1201 the Venetian Senate wrote a decree that required the glassmakers in Venice to install their furnaces on the island of Murano. Many fires had in fact reported in Venice from the glass furnaces and the Venetians were concerned about risks to their wooden houses. The island provided further possible to more easily maintain the secret of glass making.
Thus the Venetian glassmakers were forced to transfer their ovens and workshops in Murano where he still remains a hundred in the early 2000s Each glass jealously guards its secrets passed from father to son.
Glass production was highly regulated, not only with regard to obtaining licenses for master glassmakers but also the number of workers they had the right to use, category by category. The canopy corporation was born there in the thirteenth century.
Similarly, to better control prices and production, a strict schedule of operation of the furnaces was enacted by the Republic of Venice.
Thus glassworks were obliged to respect an annual holiday that extended from mid-August to mid-January.
In its heyday, the Murano productions were appreciated and known throughout Europe until Constantinople.
Many sovereigns, passing through Venice, traveled to Murano to see and order their dishes, vases, etc.
The expertise of Murano glassmakers obviously aroused many coveted by other European countries, and it was feared that the stranger discovers the process of people of Murano. That is why, since 1275, the export of raw glass and materials that were used to dial, but also the broken glass, was banned by the Venetian senate.
When Louis XIV in the seventeenth century, eventually successfully poached some Murano glass to bring in France, the Council of Ten of the Republic of Venice went up paying agents to kill deserters workers who refuse to go Murano .dropoff window
First Utility she became an art of great refinement that reached its peak in the sixteenth century to the eighteenth century. The prestigious glassmakers are still present on the Island. These include, among others, Ballarin workshops, Barovier & Toso, Pauly & C., or Seguso Venini. Some art glass, and they are expanding, produce high quality items while adopting a refreshed style most often with the help of contemporary artists.
However, some producers redirect to satisfy a demand for cheap products stimulated by the increasing flow of tourists. Another threat to the brand image in Murano is the Chinese and other counterfeit copy.